Software engineering architecture skills [Detailed Response]



Last updated : Sept 9, 2022
Written by : Joesph Goto
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Software engineering architecture skills

What skills are required for software architect?

Software architect: soft skills needed Problem-solving & conflict resolution - Managing and coordinating all of the elements that go into a successful application project requires strong problem-solving skills – both technical and human. Communication - Communication is a key ingredient in any leadership position.

What does architectural design do in software engineering?

IEEE defines architectural design as “the process of defining a collection of hardware and software components and their interfaces to establish the framework for the development of a computer system.” The software that is built for computer-based systems can exhibit one of these many architectural styles.

How can I improve my software architecture skills?

  1. Practicing continuous learning.
  2. Improving the breadth and depth of your knowledge.
  3. Finding the time for learning.
  4. Participating in open source project.
  5. Creating your own open source project.
  6. Writing your own blog.
  7. Spending time teaching others.
  8. Being a mentor.

What are 5 responsibilities of an architect?

Architect Job Responsibilities: Researches, programs, plans, designs, and administers building projects for clients, applying knowledge of architectural design, construction detailing, construction procedures, zoning and building codes, and building materials and systems.

Does software architect require coding?

To start your career as a Software Architect, you're always required to have a sound knowledge of programming languages & frameworks. As a Software Architect, you're not solely responsible to do coding the entire day but you're required to lead the team of developers, collaborate with other teams, review code, etc.

What are the 3 types of architectural design models in software engineering?

Software Architectural Models Static type of architectural structural model represents the major system components. Dynamic type of architectural process model represents the process structure of the system. Distribution type of architectural model represents how the component is distributed across various computers.

What is software architecture example?

Famous examples of architectural patterns are microservices, message bus, service requester/ consumer, MVC pattern, MVVM, microkernel, n-tier, domain-driven design components, and presentation-abstraction-control.

What are the components of software architecture?

The essential elements: critical use cases, main classes, common mechanisms, and so on, as opposed to all the elements present in the model. A few key scenarios showing the main control flows throughout the system. The services, to capture modularity, optional features, product-line aspects.

Is software architect hard?

Software architecture is hard because everything is a trade-off, and a software architect's primary responsibility is making design decisions that consider those trade-offs. Architecture characteristics, often referred to as “the -ilities,” are orthogonal to the domain functionality.

Who is technical architect in software?

These “technical architects” are the people who plan, design, build, implement, and maintain network systems. They are responsible for the security, communications, hardware, and software that the company needs to deliver innovative products and reach long-term business goals.

What makes a good technical architect?

The architect has technology knowledge. The architect has design skills. The architect has programming skills. The architect is a good communicator.

What is the role of IT Architect?

An IT architect is a professional who comes up with high-level solutions for business applications, systems, portfolios, infrastructures, or an entire enterprise. They develop IT services and solutions for companies and organizations and often design and manage communications, security, networking, storage, and so on.

What are the three main roles of an architect?

  • creating building designs and highly detailed drawings both by hand and by using specialist computer-aided design (CAD) applications.
  • liaising with construction professionals about the feasibility of potential projects.

What is the main job of architect?

An Architect is a professional who turns building design into reality. They develop concepts for structures and then work with engineers to make sure those designs can function as desired in their intended setting or project goal.

Which degree is best for software architect?

  • Complete a bachelor degree in computer science, software engineering or a related field. This usually takes three to four years of full-time study.
  • Consider enhancing your skills with postgraduate study and/or industry certifications.
  • Gain industry experience.

Which course is best for software architect?

  • Grokking the System Design Interview.
  • Web Application & Software Architecture 101.
  • Software Design and Architecture Specialization.
  • Data Structures and Software Design by edX.
  • Secure Software Design Specialization.
  • Java Programming: Principles of Software Design.

What is the difference between a software engineer and a software architect?

Software Architect vs Software Engineer? Software architect creates a plan that has provisions for different business and technical requirements. A software engineer reads the plan or the design created by software architect and starts implementing in the language of choice most suitable to the plan.

What is the architecture of software?

Software architecture is, simply, the organization of a system. This organization includes all components, how they interact with each other, the environment in which they operate, and the principles used to design the software. In many cases, it can also include the evolution of the software into the future.

What is software architecture diagram?

An architectural diagram is a visual representation that maps out the physical implementation for components of a software system. It shows the general structure of the software system and the associations, limitations, and boundaries between each element. Software environments are complex—and they aren't static.

What are golden rules in software engineering?

  • Strive for consistency.
  • Seek universal usability.
  • Offer informative feedback.
  • Design dialogs to yield closure.
  • Prevent errors.
  • Permit easy reversal of actions.
  • Keep users in control.
  • Reduce short-term memory load.


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Software engineering architecture skills


Comment by Sherley Sauceda

architecture is the process and the product of planning designing and constructing buildings or other structures a good design can make a structure survive and be admired for years or fairly to understand it's the job of the architect to join both art and science to make sure all the pieces of a building come together in a good solution similar to architects as a software engineer you will also need to mix art and science to deliver solutions in a satisfactory way but instead of bricks you will solve them with code hi there i'm christian and you're watching the devastory today i will be starting a new series of videos covering software architecture in a practical way in this series of videos i will be covering many concepts and fundamentals of software architecture so hopefully by the end of it you will be more prepared to tackle software design challenges and have better discussions and even be more prepared for a technical interview so without further ado let's start software architecture has many definitions one of the most famous one is from ralph johnson where he says architecture is about the important stuff whatever that is but what is important stuff in the software architecture we focus more on the structure more than implementation details software architecture is also about making the expensive choices that are costly to change after they are implemented it's also about making explicit the core decisions that will allow the software to have high quality concepts are better understood in practice let's build an e-commerce site and see how that looks so for example in our e-commerce site we need to allow our users to do certain things like search in inventory check reviews buy a product review pass orders and maybe other features as well these are the functional requirements of the application besides of what the system should do we also need to focus on how should the system behave these are also called the non-functional requirements these are sometimes defined as the abilities that the system can have like functionality reliability usability efficiency these kind of things for example in our e-commerce site let's say that we wanted to be maintainable for several years and this is a maintainability requirement we also want to be able to serve millions of users in this case it's scalability we also want to make it available 24 7 which is a reliability to make sure that the system is very stable we also want to have good response latency which is efficiency and we can have many others finally besides functional and non-functional requirements you may also have additional restrictions that will limit the options that you will have for your architecture so for example we could have some legal compliance costs time to market standards etc several restrictions that will limit the number of options that we will have to design our system let's say in our e-commerce side we need to comply to the with the european privacy law uh gdpr so with that we need to take into consideration architecture how to handle that so after you get the context you know all the things that the system needs to do how it should behave and what restrictions are in place that you need to take into consideration so after you have all of these things you need to prioritize them some requirements and restrictions will conflict between them for example if you have a strict time to market maybe you need to drop some features there can also be other things like non-functional requirements that need to be prioritized so for example in our case of the e-commerce site we might not care too much about portability because we will have a strong control of where it's going to be deployed the application and after is deployed in there we don't plan to move it to other platforms so we could drop portability in favor of scalability or maintainability so after you have prioritized the list and you have made this trade-off you need to think about if it's acceptable or not so after it's acceptable then you start designing the uh the architecture how do you start designing the system so the first thing is once you have it prioritized start with one important thing at a time if you try to tackle everything at the beginning and trying to think about all the possible scenarios in the future you might end up having an over-engineered solution and this is not good because it is an unnecessarily complex system there is also an acronym for that that is jagni that you ain't gonna need it so if you are not sure about something or if it's not prioritized then try not to tackle at first try to postpone it to when you have better context and can make a better decision about it now that you have this you might start thinking about what are the possible architectures that might fit your system for that a good book that i recommend and that is useful for me and is this free ebook from o'reilly that is software architecture patterns it is a good boot to get a grasp of different architectural approaches and you can see several architectural patterns like layered event reverb microkernel microservices and space based this book shows pros and cons of each of these patterns and might help you at the beginning when you're designing the system what to look for and what would be best for your system based on your current requirements so we have decided what are some of the features that we want to have our system implemented we have also mentioned that maintainability is one of the non-functional requirements that is very important for us so with that we can start designing our system and we can take for example a layered approach we could have a database or a storage layer where we would sort data then we will have a logic layer where we will have the backend servers that will be taking care of handling any business logic that we want to handle and then the visualization part or ui where we'll be allowing the users to interact with the system and this is how we get to the layer architecture so here we have defined the architecture with the structure that the system will have the features can then be implemented following this layer architecture and if you want to learn a little bit more about how to implement the features in a scalable nice way then i recommend you to check out my other video about design patterns it's very typical in web applications to use a later architecture but it's not the only architectural pattern that we can use there is no silver bullet so make sure that in your context you look to different approaches and pick the architecture pattern that would better fit your use case it's also normal that the architecture would evolve over time and sometimes even in unintended ways that would make expensive changes to the architecture so you need to make a balance about foreseeing the certain things that you will need to cover versus the things that you need to prioritize in the short term if you try to tackle everything then you can end up having another engineer solution one of the most expensive things can be scaling so in our case we already have the architecture how can we make


Thanks for your comment Sherley Sauceda, have a nice day.
- Joesph Goto, Staff Member


Comment by Valeri

hey everyone um welcome to another series for faith craft in this session we are going to talk about the most asked question when people reach out to me is um uh how to become a software architect if i'm a senior developer i want to grow as a software architect um what do i do anchor what do i need to do so i just created this video so that people can get benefited out of it and um i can share my experience my knowledge and my learning path so let's get started um so the first thing the first thing which i would say it's in my opinion the most important one is the knowledge the knowledge aspect the broader knowledge aspect when i say broader knowledge people might think it's about technology only i understand technology is one of the most important aspect of being a software architect you need to understand the knowledge of design patterns like gang of four in object oriented systems if you are designing that you need to understand architectural patterns you event driven microservices hexagonal architecture layered architecture all these different patterns you need to understand the nuances of these patterns and then you need to have that holistic uh broader knowledge that you uh when you're going as an architect you don't only need knowledge in one area that i know java i know.net i know javascript you need to be a holistic um you can say a technologist where you need to know some devops you need to understand um how you manage infrastructure you need to understand cloud basics you need to understand sre all these different aspects so the broader knowledge is another area which you need to do but this is all technology and when you grow as a software architect the knowledge is not only related to technology the second aspect is you you have to understand the processes right that what is agile waterfall and different practices around that so you need to understand those processes safe for example which is one of the popular agile methodology you need to understand that part so understanding the process aspect is is very important and the last p skill to acquire is the people aspect that you need to have the knowledge on what are the different leadership skills which are required so train yourself for that area so knowledge is your first uh goal that you you you feel that you know you have all the knowledge okay so what do i do next next is uh the second part uh the second part is is soft skill so soft skill um i i just noted it down just to make sure that you you i don't miss a point right so soft skill and uh it again is a wide area when you say soft skill it's not only your communication skill first of all soft skill is more about how you also manage stakeholders soft skill is also about how you manage your team whether the teams see you as a software architect so you need to be the role model you as a developer once you saw somebody as a role model so you need to ensure that your team uh also also feels that you are the role model for it so communication role model and managing stakeholders right when you grow as a software accurate you have to manage different type of people it's not only technology people are developers you have to manage business analysts you have to manage um you know cxos maybe someday you might have to also talk to security guy a networking guy a cloud guy so you need to acquire that skill where you can converse with these different set of stakeholders so soft skill is very important in my experience most important part because you are the glue which is stitching um the everybody together and and making the project successful as a software upgrade so often i've seen that people are very good in technology but not able to manage the soft skill part so that's the most second most important part the third important part is again learning aspect learning uh when we say learning it's not only what you have learned so far it's also about what you can learn in the future you you need to find and you need to continuously improve yourself because like i said that you are a role model for your team so you need to find that balance how you can ensure that you have the right knowledge so um you know suppose i am a java guy maybe i have to learn a new language right because being a software architect it doesn't mean that you're tied to one language uh tomorrow you might have to you know manage a team which is in.net um so you might have to learn python right so similarly if i'm if i've always been developing a web application maybe there's a time for you to learn machine learning you might have to learn the cloud skill which is the most important thinking like a cloud architect so learning is the third mode uh third most important aspect which i see because you have to continuously learn um one area where i i'll suggest and that's what my personal journey has been that you can always go to tech conferences that give you a broader spectrum of knowledge because everybody is sharing different design patterns case studies and also going to tech conferences um being connected to community is another aspect through which you can acquire that knowledge so knowledge is is very important and i would say that there there's no stopping there you you need to continue doing that so these are the three key factors i i know there are many other things which you can think of but in my experience if you do all these three you are ready for the next level as a software academic best of luck


Thanks Valeri your participation is very much appreciated
- Joesph Goto


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