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now it's time to talk about reference files and raster files this is going to be a very basic introduction it's not going to cover every possible scenario but hopefully it'll be enough to get you started and help you in the process of working with reference files and raster files so the first thing we're going to do is look at our reference file dialog box this is up under our home tab if we go under the primary group you're going to see attach tools and then you'll see there's references and raster manager first we'll look at references we already have a reference file attached and that's the border sheet there so this will help us to kind of explore the reference file dialog box so there's a menu bar where you're going to see tools and properties if i go to tools you're going to see there's options again if i had no reference files attached these would all be grayed out except for attach but because i have a reference file these become enabled so we're going to go to the next menu which is properties here attachment this brings up the attachment settings of a reference file we also have the option to update the sequence things like that going to dismiss that then we have icons across the top these are shortcuts to the most commonly used tools with reference files first one we'll look at there is attach reference then there's clip that's very common and then there's reload reference file we also have the end we can detach a reference file if we wanted to below that is what we call the list box and we're going to take a look at these columns the first column is the slot this is the order in which a reference file was attached it doesn't really affect much here at caltrans the next one is going to be is it up to date or its status here if you attach a reference file somebody else can have that file open we can do that because you're in read-only if that file changes you'll see a pencil icon appear in that column for that reference file you could then reload the reference file if you needed to see those changes the third column is activate status you can activate a reference file so that you can do what we call edit and place then we have things like the name of the file the model the description logical name which we'll discuss when we go to attach a file and towards the end we have these columns that have checks in them these are the most commonly used items on this dialog the first check mark is for display if there's a check that means that the reference file is displayed if i click on the check you can see it turns off the reference file the border if i click it again you can see it turns it on so that's a way to turn off the entire reference file we can turn off levels for the reference file too to be more granular but if you want to turn the whole thing off that's one way to do it the next check is for snap if you don't want to be able to snap two elements in the reference file which is pretty common for like contour things like that next check is for locate if this is turned on this means that i can copy elements from the reference file into my active file and if that's turned off then i will not be able to do that along the bottom we have some options we have scale so we can change the scale of the reference file which again you would not do if you have a coordinate correct file we do not scale it up or down we leave it at one to one unless again otherwise instructed we have the rotation of the attachment again this is attached and it's rotated so that the north arrow is not pointing straight up you can see up here our north arrow is pointing off to the right that's true north below that we have some icons again to turn on and off display snap locate things like that we also have an option to turn on and off the display of raster if the file you have attached has a raster we can see that by turning it on and off okay so we'll do that actually when we talk about raster so that's a quick tour of the reference file dialog box now let's talk about attaching a reference file so we're going to use the shortcut icon right here attach reference i'm going to go ahead and data or left click on that this is going to take me to the last place that i attached a file so in this case i was doing an example of attaching a file that had imagery attached to it we need to get to our current project directory i'm going to show you a little shortcut in this case in the upper right corner you'll see a little yellow folder icon with a blue star says directory history i'm going to click on that and number one on that list right there will always be your current project folder so that's what i'm going to select that's going to take me to my current project directory that in this case is where i have my files that i want to reference now the files that i'm planning to reference are going to be the aaa file which is my alignment the bb which is my topo and then the cf or clip frame file so i'm going to be attaching the clip frame file first just as an example you're going to see on the right there's a preview and then there's attachment method right now it's currently set to interactive if i click here you're going to see the other choices interactive probably the most commonly used one the second most common would be coincident world and we'll be doing that a little bit later so i'm going to choose interactive i've selected the file i want to attach i'm going to click open this dialog is the interactive so across the top here you're going to see the name of the file you're going to see the path to the file you'll also see model option in this case we only have one model and here at caltrans in roadway we use one model per dgn structures they use multiple models if you get an autocad file which we can attach an autocad file you may see that they have model and layouts inside there so that's something to be aware of but the most common example you'll have a roadway drawing it'll have one model called default logical this is an optional thing for the first time you attach a reference file logical can be used for you to help differentiate the dgn files you're attaching as an example let's say you have an alignment and that alignment was put together from as build drawings from a project that was done 10 years ago that's not current but let's say you also have alignment information for that project area that is current so you're going to be attaching both of these maybe to compare them to get an idea of what changed you're going to need to be able to tell the difference the name of the file may not be indicative of what's in it so by giving it a logical name you can say alignment from as built and then you can say alignment current or proposed so that could help you to differentiate it's just a way for you to name an attachment and again this could be done after you attach it if you want to description this is an optional thing you can put whatever you'd like under orientation this list box again we're doing coordinate correct geometry it's alignment information we would always want to choose coincident world now i just clicked on it so it changes to a blu
Thanks for your comment Karole Kurland, have a nice day.
- Josh Keyton, Staff Member
hi my name's Sam Hendrick and I am from Bentley systems but you probably already know that from the logo on my shirt you've joined us in the ninth video in the series of ten for micro station Connect addition that basics in this video we're gonna talk about how do we attach external data now what is external data for us that's gonna be a dgn file on a raster and your plus one is gonna be a reality mesh but external data can take the form of many different things I can attach a DWG DXF I can attach a shapefile all kinds of data can be attached to a MicroStation file so let's go ahead and get started let's open their first file in this video we're going to be talking about how to attach external data now that external data can take the form of dgn DWG a raster file or a reality mesh we're gonna first talk about attaching DG ends so the file we're going to open up is layout 0:07 now I'm currently in the drawing workflow and my tab is set to home and under home there's a group called primary and there's attached tool so I'm going to go ahead and click on this and you can see there's four possible choices we have references raster manager point clouds in reality mesh I'm gonna be choosing references this will open up my reference file dialog box and I'm going to choose this icon right here to attach a reference now it's going to take me to the last place that I attached a reference in this case it was the folder I'm working in and I'm gonna attach just one file and I'm gonna have it set to interactive there are other choices coincident world is one of them just keep that in the back of your head I'm gonna attach topo contours I'm gonna select open this is the dialog we refer to as that is interactive now I'm going to be choosing coincident world and everything else is going to be set as the defaults full-size I'm gonna click OK you can see the topo is now attached in the background now the other files that I had I want to attach all of them and they're all coordinate correct and they're all going to have coincident world as the setting so I'm going to go back to attach reference I'm going to be selecting multiple files but first I'm going to change my attachment method to coincident world it will skip that other dialog and catch all of the reference files that are selected as coincident world so I'm gonna select alignment roadway and right-of-way all of those selected again I'm holding down the ctrl key to do this I'm gonna click open and you can see all of them are attached at one time now with the reference file dialog box still open we're going to clip the reference files because we don't need to see everything we only need to see what is inside this red shape here so I'm going to go ahead and select all of the reference files and on the reference file dialog box we have a little icon scissors next to a file a paper it's called clip reference I'm gonna select it on my tool settings window I have several options active fence element in named fence I don't have a fence active nor do I have named fences so element is the only choice that's available I'm gonna leave that selected then I'm going to select the element that I want to use as the clipping element and now I've clipped all those reference files and because I clipped it by element that element represents the clip boundary if I select that element and I make modifications to it change its size you can see all of the reference files change I'm gonna go ahead and do an undo now you'll see a red boundary around here this is because I have one or more reference files selected and my highlight mode is set to boundaries so if I unselect that we just go back to the red shape there now that's attaching reference files and if I go to my level display which is under my primary under the level display you'll see each one of the reference files listed and as I select them you're going to see their levels individually displayed so I can control the on/off state of those reference files and their levels individually so I'm gonna go ahead and close that we're gonna go ahead and close our reference file dialog box because now we're gonna talk about raster so I'm gonna go back up to my primary and go to attach tools and you're gonna see raster managers there I'm gonna select that and then the raster manager dialog appears and on the raster manager dialog much like the reference file dialog we have a series of menu bar items and icons the shortcut I'm going to click right here where it says attach raster you can see that different types of raster's I can attach raster WMS everything to Bing Maps I'm going to be attaching a jpg so I'm going to choose raster it's going to come up and ask me where is the file so I'm gonna go into my folder here called imagery and the file that I plan to attach is JPEG one and on this dialog here you can see I have some options I can attach it read-only I can attach it placing it interactively which I would do if I had no coordinates to the file but the file does have a world or sister file so it'll come in coordinate correct and then I have an open settings dialog I'm gonna click on that I'm gonna click open this is the dialog box here we can choose things like place interactively which I had an option on the prior dialog we also have ways to attach the raster the attachment of the raster to a specific level it's always recommended that you attach the raster to a level that is not something you work with that you'll be turning on and off in this case I have a level called underscore raster it's dedicated just for raster's I'm gonna click the attach button and there's my raster attached in the background now I'm going to go ahead and clip the raster because I don't need to see all of this just like I did with the other reference files I'm going to go and select my raster in the list box now if I wanted to turn the raster off I could do it by selecting it and clicking the view number I want to turn it off in right down here so I can turn off the raster here or I can turn it back on in this case I want to just clip it so I'm gonna do the same thing I did with the reference files I'm gonna clip it by that red shape so I'm gonna go to the Edit pulldown menu on the raster manager slide on down to clip on the tool settings window you're gonna see there's several options element is the one I'm interested in so I'm gonna select element I'm gonna pick that same red shape and there's my raster clipped so that's a way to attach reference files and raster now if you don't have a raster let's say you don't have aerial information and you would like to bring that in and your file is coordinate correct and has a geographic coordinate system I'm gonna show you another way to do that so I'm gonna go ahead and turn off my raster close the raster manager I'm gonna go to my utilities tab and on the utilities tab you can see where it says coordinate system if I click on this if my file has a geographic coordinate system then MicroStation knows where it's at and mine does have one so now I'm gonna be able to turn on Bing Maps I'm gonna do that by going to my view attributes and on the view
Thanks ferorQ your participation is very much appreciated
- Josh Keyton
About the author
I've studied mechanics at Franklin and Marshall College in Lancaster and I am an expert in marxist sociology. I usually feel moody. My previous job was court administrator I held this position for 30 years, I love talking about collecting and weightlifting. Huge fan of Drew Carey I practice lacrosse and collect collectible card games.
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