Civil engineer in drawing [Deep Research]

Last updated : Sept 8, 2022
Written by : Lindy Muetzel
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Civil engineer in drawing

Is drawing hard in civil engineering?

Engineering drawing may be about technical drawings but it is one of the toughest subjects, ask any engineering student and you will know. A sound knowledge of drawing is vital otherwise its a tough road ahead with the subject.

How drawing is important for civil engineering?

Drawings are important because they are used to communicate the technical details of a project in a common format. The drawings also become the foundation for future projects and cost savings for customers.

What are the 4 types of engineering drawings?

The types of drawings associated with each stage of a construction project are briefly described in the following paragraphs. There are four fundamental drawings of a civil engineering project, namely; the tender drawing, the contract drawing, the working drawing, and the complete drawing.

What are the 6 types of engineering drawing?

  • Isometric Drawing.
  • Orthographic or Multiview Drawings.
  • Dimensioning.
  • Sectioning.
  • Drawing Tools.
  • Assembly Drawings.
  • Cross-Sectional Views.
  • Half-Sections.

Can I be a civil engineer if I cant draw?

You do not have to be talented at drawing to become a civil engineer. But, it's necessary to be able to use drawing software such as AutoCAD. Hand-drawing may be helpful when you design buildings, but most of the companies today use computers that can draw blueprints.

What is the role of engineering drawing?

Engineering drawings are used to communicate design ideas and technical information to engineers and other professionals throughout the design process. An engineering drawing represents a complex three-dimensional object on a two-dimensional piece of paper or computer screen by a process called projection.

What are 3 reasons engineers use drawings?

  • Eliminate Questions. A drawing that includes all details and information necessary to successfully manufacture the design (e.g., tolerances, paint specs, electrical specs, packaging specs, etc.)
  • Reduce Production Delays.
  • Avoid Additional Costs.

Does a civil engineer draw plans?

Civil Engineering Technicians: Civil engineering technicians work with civil engineers to prepare and review construction plans and blueprints, conduct site inspections, develop cost estimates, and monitor project progress.

What are civil drawings called?

A civil drawing, or site drawing, is a type of technical drawing that shows information about grading, landscaping, or other site details.

What are the 2 types of engineering drawing?

There are two basic types of drawings: Artistic and Technical drawings.

What are the 5 types of technical drawing?

3D drawings (isometric, perspective) • Exploded-view 3D drawings • Complete working drawings • Detail drawings (2D orthogonal projections) •Diagrams are another form of technical drawing with looser, less universal standards.

What are the 12 types of lines?

  • Object lines. shows the contour or outline of objects.
  • Hidden lines. represents features that are hidden in current view.
  • Centerlines. locates the center of circles and arcs.
  • Extension lines. show the extinct of a dimension.
  • Dimension lines.
  • Leader lines.
  • Cutting-plane lines.
  • Viewing-plane lanes.

What civil engineers do?

Civil engineers conceive, design, build, supervise, operate, construct and maintain infrastructure projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.

What are types of lines?

  • Horizontal Lines.
  • Vertical Lines.
  • Parallel Lines.
  • Perpendicular Lines.

What skills does a civil engineer need?

  • Technical Training.
  • Mathematical Skills.
  • Written Communication Skills.
  • Oral Communication Skills.
  • Leadership Skills.
  • Organizational Skills.
  • Problem Solving.
  • Decision Making.

Is there a lot of math in civil engineering?

Math is a really important part of a civil engineer's job. At places like ADOT, the planning phase of the project (design) and the budget (how much it will cost) are all based upon mathematical calculations by the engineers.

Is civil engineering a good career?

Certainly, civil engineering is a good career option for all those who like to take up new challenges and aspire to make this world a better place to live in.

How can I study civil engineering?

Aspirants must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination from any recognized central or state board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. The admission process of the BTech program is done through the entrance exams such as - JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MHCET, KCET and other exams.

What is a drawing in construction?

What are Construction Drawings? Construction drawings form part of the overall documentation that is used for tender, for the contract between the employer and contractor, and for the construction itself. The construction drawing provides a graphic representation of how the building will be built.

How can I learn engineering drawings?

  1. Name and address of the company or agency who prepared or owns the drawing.
  2. Part number and description.
  3. Material.
  4. Mass.
  5. Finish.
  6. General tolerances.
  7. Projection details.
  8. Scale used in the drawing.

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Civil engineer in drawing

Comment by Chloe Bruch

reading structural drawings is something that many students have difficulty with I find it difficult to teach the topic because as a structural engineer it comes very natural to me so this video will provide a little insight into how I as a structural engineer go through a set of drawings what we're looking at here is the first page of a set of structural drawings for a cultural center on the campus of Northern Arizona University and I'm going to walk through the way that I look at the set of drawings the first page here you can see starts with a general notes that's very common for structural drawings and the first thing I do is page through the drawings just to see how things are organized and look for things that help me understand how the building is put together so I start at the very largest level I'll see the second page here we can see that it's a set of typical details typical details are kind of boilerplate they're nothing special they're just the way many of the the parts of the building are put together in similar fashion to other buildings we'll see later a lot of specific details that would create it just for this job job at least at a typical details usually the next thing we see our plans so I open this one up and I can see a floor plan we can see down here this is a foundation plan the plans tend to go in sequence from the bottom up what I find is very curious on this drawing is that there are no real dimensions showing me how to layout the whole building so right now I'm a little confused I don't know how big this building is I don't know really what's going on I can see that is probably a concrete foundation but beyond that it's it doesn't make a lot of sense to me quite yet so I'm going to keep digging I'm going to go to the next page here you can see this says framing plan so framing indicates that it's structural so I might concentrate a lot down here on the titles of the pages you can see right below here that these were issued for a hundred percent construction documents so I expect them to be complete this has floor and low roof so I'm looking at this say okay some of these spaces here look like they're open and some of them look like they might be floors and some might be loose so I'm not quite sure what's going on so let's go to the next page here's a high roof okay so we've got a high roof and a low roof and each of these lines is is gonna represent some sort of structural member I'm not sure what the material is yet I'm not sure if this is wood if it's steel if it's concrete not until i zoom in closely can I really tell that let's page to the next one now we're starting to get into the details and typically structural drawings are organized in series like 100 200 300 etc so here we can see the 300 series of the foundation details that keeps that the foundation contractor organized in one spot so I'm looking closely here and as I they start to page through here I look and see that we have some typical typical details here with some concrete concrete footings so here we'll zoom in a little bit we see a wall coming down a little concrete stem wall and then a little concrete footing and typically on structural drawings you'll get you how to build it in the details but the dimensions will be on the plan also for your bottom of footing see general structural notes so these sort of there's a lot of abbreviations that are used it will have to go back to the first page to get but this tells us the detail of how to build it ok I'm going to jump back out here next page and a couple more foundation details okay so it's kind of a concrete shallow foundation I can see that we don't have deep dual peers or caissons or anything so that tells me a little bit about the building floor framing details so now I look at this I see a lot of things here that that show how the walls and floors connect together I'll just randomly pick one here there's a detail and what I'm seeing here are metal studs so these are metal studs I see concrete metal on the deck for the plan and a shelf angle here so what I'm seeing are bearing walls built around the building and a floor that's built of metal deck with concrete on top of it so that's generally the construction of this building you can see the typical of the details are all very similar so they're just the different ways that the floors and beams connect to the walls we'll go to the next page here a couple more framing details this looks like I had some ways the stairs are connecting together now we get up to the roof family details so I see a lot of slants here which tells me there's going to be some complexity to this job this is zoom into one here again we have metal studs bearing walls and then we have joist so I'm not sure quite what these joists are I see plywood I'm guessing that these are probably wood joists and we can see a slope to it so now I'm seeing this complexity the building that we have a sloped roof going on and I go to the next drawing and I see more roof flaming details so these are all details and each one of these details will be called out somewhere in plan so for instance I'm right now on sheet s 501 and this detail right here is detail number nine so some one of the drawings is going to be a call-out detail 9 + s 501 the last one here a few more Lu flaming details so it looks like it's not too too complicated so the first thing I want to do is get a feel for what the building looks like so I want to switch over to the architectural drawing and as I page through the architectural drawings we usually start at the bottom so the first drawings typically have to do with the site plan so here's a site plan and shows how the building is going to be oriented relative and definitely some demolitions what was existing here and how this new building in this area is oriented relative to different loads looks like some landscaping going on outside here I see a dimension plan this is not very common to have a dimension plan but because I believe of the all the circular elements to this building it's it's important to have the dimensions here so right now I'm seeing ok because the draw the dimensions are all shown here on the architectural dimension plans the structural engineer decided not to show them to make sure there was no confusion that way there's only one source for dimensions so this is the this is where unfortunately the structural contractors the foundation contractors are gonna have to come here to lay out their building I see a few things here I see all these dimensions I see this point of beginning so basically this is the reference point for the whole building everything's referenced to that point the circles here the circle in the middle and these curved walls are identified by center points right here so you can see this one right here control point number two and so if we go over here Center Point number two you can see that there's some dimensions given and these dimensions are measured from that point of beginning so to start the whole building we're gonna the the contractor is gonna have to figure out where this point is from the civil drawings and then

Thanks for your comment Chloe Bruch, have a nice day.
- Lindy Muetzel, Staff Member

Comment by guri2

click on the subscribe button and press the blank for update videos thank you hello friends welcome back to civil engineers YouTube channel with the new lecture dear friends today I am gonna show you here in this video how to study civil engineering drawing if you have any question about this video you must commence and remember like this video share this video with your friends and subscribe this channel for more updates several engineering videos let's start the topic so this is the civil engineering drawing but I will tell you here there too what is great lines and seven engineering drawing and what kind of problem can be occurred in this drawing and how we can study it okay for this drawing I have a simple plain area I will show you now here so this is the sample plain for this drawing okay which dimensions are twenty nine point five feet and twenty nine nineteen point five feet okay so let's start here I have some columns this is the one column this one is the second column this one is the third column okay and but rectangle column okay this one is the fourth column here I have also some columns my sketch is not good but just I have to try to make something for you okay this is the other one this is the last one column here okay same like this one two three four five six seven eight columns we have okay but this is this one okay twenty nine point five feet nineteen point five feet okay so here we have just eight columns okay so here looka here here are the some blue lines which are head online also we can say dotted line but these are not dotted line these are head-on lines okay so the hidden lines can show you in several engineering drawing when you wanna study it so here this hidden lines can show you the centerline for the column okay so this is the center line for the column okay so this is C 1 you can write any things for example X 1 okay or X 2 or here we can say y 1 okay or we can say a y2 and y3 look a hill again so this is the center line okay for this column okay in x-axis okay show us now here we can write x 1 for example okay here you can also take but header lines extra guests depend on you you can write anything okay like this this is the one other column so centerline here you can write for example y1 okay or we can say C 1 column 1 okay so column 2 this one show you column 2 we can say for example why when I have written here so if you start from Y 1 so it will become Y 2 but for example if I say C 1 so it will become C to me in column 2 and this one is okay for this 3 okay C 3 like this okay like this so these are called great lines but here look a here in this drawing now this is the column 1 suppose I say this is the column 1 okay so this one blue line can show you here the center line for the columns so it will help you when you wanna lay out any project or any drawing okay so for making layout okay so for this it can help you so this is the center line for the column so it will comes here for this so look at here like here so this is 28 okay we have 28 the other column we have here this one okay so this is the center line for this one look here so it will start from here okay not from here because this this column is the second column is here so it will start from here a dotted line it will show you here 27 the other one we have third number column okay so the dotted line line our head and line can be come here so it will show you okay 25 okay the other one is this one okay so it will comes C 1 we have written here see - okay C 1 so C 1 means u 1 so by this row it can show you see c one c one c one c one you can change the name of this you can say y 1 y 2 or K X 1 z 2 1 B 1 ok it's depend on you so this is the other column so it would start from here ok 24 the other one is start from here looka here a 21 and this one 22 okay it will comes from here so this one is the center line this one okay the column Center is here this one okay just I will show you the mark here this is the center line so it will comes here to the 18 text okay Dix number 18 okay and this one is look at here this is the other one okay this is out from here okay so this is out from here therefore this is the other center line for which one for 17 okay so now here are some dimensions so dimension can be start from there one grant okay are the column Center from one column central true other column Center okay so means from one grade line to other great line okay so here is nine feet one inch and 1 by 4 okay the other one we have also same video here we have also same value here we have eight feet and three inch here from this great line to this one are from this central of column to this one ok also so this is 8 feet range ok and now from this grade line to this great line we have how much distance we have from one column center to another column Center ok we have 11 feet 10 inch and from here this is the other grade line so this grade line and this one which dimension is 8 feet and 3 inch so this is the foundation plan part ok so here are the vertical dimension so this is the one grade line it means one grain line and other clear a great line it can show you the one central line for the column the other gay men can show you the other centers or the other column okay so take from here that I mention from here we have 17 feet in 10 inch so this is the central way how to study civil engineering trying so Luca Here I am gonna show you it then here you can see it okay here okay so this is the topic about how to study civil engineering trying if you have any question about this video you must commence I will replay your answer okay and like this video share this video with your friends but remember subscribe this channel for more updates if when you are subscribed this channel so you must press the bell icon with subscribe button there is the bell icon must press the bell icon are built the icon so you will get notification about our channel for watching more update videos thank you all the best bye

Thanks guri2 your participation is very much appreciated
- Lindy Muetzel

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